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Poverty Reduction - Deforestation, Poverty & Economic Dependency

Issue date: 
30 December 2010

Nigeria: Deforestation - Cutting Down Our Lives

Climate change is no longer an abstract term or a scientific jargon with no local, humane touch.

Issue date: 
December 27, 2010

Forests for food security and livelihood sustainability: Policy problems and opportunities for small farmers in Nepal

Title: Forests for food security and livelihood sustainability: Policy problems and opportunities for small farmers in Nepal
Authors: Bhubaneswor Dhakal
Authors: Hugh Bigsby
Authors: Ross Cullen
Source: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 35(1):86-115

This study used a novel empirical model of common property to examine problems of forest policy on food security and livelihoods in Nepal. At the opening section, the paper well described agro-ecological rationalities for maintaining some forest areas in each mountain communities. Then it reviewed progression of forest policies that constrained use of resources and services from local forests, and escalated starvations and miseries in disadvantaged communities. The paper nicely articulated progression of forest policies and marginalization of poor people and disadvantaged communities. It has modeled impacts of current and alternative policies of community forestry for rural food security and livelihoods. The intention for introduction of the Nepalese forest policies and their consequences can be a heart breaking for some readers.

Issue date: 
December 2010

Agriculture and deforestation: What role should REDD+ and public support policies play?

  • Agriculture is central to REDD+
  • When over 83% of new cropland areas in the tropical zone came at the expense of natural forests over the 1980-2000 period, and when the food challenge is becoming increasingly urgent, the REDD+ mechanism must find the means to tackle this sector of activity.
  • Little proof exists in practice to confirm the Borlaug hypothesis (land sparing)
Issue date: 
December 2010

Advancing equity in community forestry: recognition of the poor matters

The community forestry program in Nepal has been advancing as a successful means of improving the condition of forests. However, as in other areas around the world, Nepal’s community forestry initiative continues to face unresolved equity issues. This paper seeks to explore underlying causes of inequity using contemporary theories of justice. Examining two community forest user groups in the middle hill districts, the study finds that lack of recognition in interpersonal and public spheres exacerbated the powerlessness of marginalized people, reducing their participation in decision-making. The paper argues that, while distributional rules advanced by the program are crucial, the problem of recognition remains an unaddressed but necessary pre-condition for advancing equity. This suggests that policy and practice in community forestry needs to focus on broader political questions, including representation in decision making, making space for the voice of members to influence decisions, and transforming socio-economic and political institutions and cultural practices.

Issue date: 
November 9th, 2010

How to spend $1m reducing climate change

Suppose you had $1 million to spend on tackling climate change.  How would you spend it to get the best bang for your million bucks?

Issue date: 
Oct 22, 2010

Developing effective forest policy - A guide

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, c

Issue date: 
October 1, 2010

Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture

Issue date: 

Struggles of Deforestation in Latin America: Does Protecting Your Forest Mean Remaining Poor?

From August 31 to September 3, the National Forestry Commission of Mexico and the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment held an international conference in Oaxaca, Me

Issue date: 
August 31, 2010

The Missionary Position: The export of carbon guilt to the developing world

The advocates of renewable energy have long chanted a mantra of “green jobs, energy security and lower emissions”, but in country after country we continue to see a fork in the road emerging whereby individual nations are forced to make choices between lowering (global) emissions or developin

Issue date: 
June 29, 2010

DEVELOPMENT: Opportunity to benefit from afforestation

It must be realised that while population growth and poverty do threaten forests, their destruction is more seriously determined by institutional and economic policies. Institutional failure can occur due to pro-degradation land use development policies or if there is a lack of regulation of resource use or corruption


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by Dr. Radut